Omitted Taxa

Agelenidae Coelotes atropos (Walckenaer, 1830) According to Brignoli (1977:15) Coelotes atropos (Walckenaer, 1830) is not recorded in Italy (doubtful from Alto Adige) given its central European distribution.
Agelenidae Coelotes terrestris (Wider, 1834) Central European species: data from Italy seems not reliable (Ballarin et al., 2011).
Agelenidae Coelotes vallei Brignoli, 1977 Species inquirenda: never recorded after the original description. Uniquely known for the type locality. Male unknown. Species of doubtful validity. Probable synonym of C. italicus.
Agelenidae Eratigena picta (Simon, 1870) Records from Emilia Romagna (Zangheri 1966) refer to E. fuesslini (Hansen pers. comm. 2014), the ones from Veneto and Toscana (di Caporiacco 1940, 1947) are based on juveniles.
Agelenidae Histopona sinuata (Kulczynski, 1897) Endemic of Romania, the record from Calabria (di Caporiacco, 1949) should refer to H. italica (Brignoli, 1977: 36).
Agelenidae Pireneitega segestriformis (Dufour, 1820) The only Italian record from Carnia (di Caporiacco, 1927) is probably incorrect.
Agelenidae Tegenaria advena (C.L. Koch, 1841) Nomen dubium (Bolzern et al., 2013). Species inquirenda (Brignoli, 1971: 88, Trotta, 2005: 74).
Agelenidae Tegenaria campestris (C.L. Koch, 1834) Not reported from Bolzern et al. (2013). Brignoli (1971a: 101) doubts about the presence of this species in Italy, which can be confused with Eratigena agrestis. According to Thaler (1987b), drawings by Brignoli (1971a) have to be referred to T. tridentina.
Amaurobiidae Amaurobius occidentalis Simon, 1892 Iberian species, reported from Italy on the base of one female from Dolomiti.
Araneidae Araneus pallidus (Olivier, 1789) The record by Zangheri (1966) for Romagna is a misidentification of Araneus diadematus (Hansen pers. comm. 2014).
Araneidae Singa aussereri Thorell, 1873 Species inquirenda (Thaler & Knoflach, 2003).
Araneidae Singa hamata melanocephala C.L. Koch, 1836 Nomen dubium (Breitling et al., 2016)
Araneidae Singa neta (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) The only record for this species reports about an immature female in the nearby of Trieste (Di Caporiacco 1949: 146 sub Hypsosinga decora E.S.), the record is doubtful according the author himself.
Araneidae Singa simoniana Costa, 1885 Species inquirenda: described on the female and never recorded again. The brief diagnosis does not indicate the belonging to Singa (at least on the base of the abdominal pattern).
Cheiracanthiidae Cheiracanthium abbreviatum Simon, 1878 Concerning the citation of the Venice Lagoon (di Caporiacco, 1950) see Hansen (2007b).
Clubionidae Clubiona ruffoi Caporiacco, 1940 Species inquirenda (Ballarin et al., 2011: 29). Nomen dubium WSC (2015).
Clubionidae Porrhoclubiona decora (Blackwall, 1859) The only Italian record from Liguria (Bertkau 1890: 7) is probably incorrect (Bosmans et al., 2017: 4).
Clubionidae Porrhoclubiona diniensis (Simon, 1878) The only record from Italy (Emilia Romagna) by Zangheri (1966) refers to Clubiona sp. 1juv (Hansen pers. comm. 2016).
Ctenizidae Cteniza brevidens (Doleschall, 1871) Cited only for Sicily (Ausserer, 1871) and Sardinia (Costa, 1885b; Garneri, 1902). Species insufficently described, most probably should be named Aepicephalus sp. (fam. Cyrtaucheniidae) (see Pantini et al., 2013: 11).
Cybaeidae Cybaeus angustiarum L. Koch, 1868 All citations are antecedent to Maurer's revision (1992) and most likely refer to other species. All the material we checked has been misidentified.
Cybaeidae Cybaeus raymondi (Simon, 1916) The Italian record from Lombardia (di Caporiacco, 1941: 85) is probably a misidentification.
Cybaeidae Tuberta maerens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1863) Concerning the citation in Hansen 1992 see Wunderlich & Hansen (1995: 316).
Dictynidae Archaeodictyna ammophila (Menge, 1871) The female specimen in the Zangheri collection does not belong to Dictynidae (Hansen pers. comm.).
Dictynidae Dictyna kosiorowiczi Simon, 1873 The material reported from Emilia-Romagna (Zangheri, 1966) and Firenze (di Caporiacco, 1923) are misidentification of others species (Hansen vidi).
Dysderidae Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802) According to Rezác et al. (2018), D. erytrina is limited to Central Europe, and Italian records of D. erytrina should be referred to D. lantosquensis .
Dysderidae Dysdera kulczynskii Simon, 1914 According to Gasparo (1997: 239), the citation by Trotta (2005) refers to a misidentifcation of Dysdera ligustica by Schult (1983: lago di Regnano, Northern Italy).
Dysderidae Dysdera pavani Caporiacco, 1941 Species inquirenda: the original description has no illustrations. Deposit unknown. On the base of the description it seems a species belonging to the ninnii group.
Dysderidae Dysdera punctata C. L. Koch, 1838 De Carlini (1889) report this species from Valtellina. It is certainly a misidentifications. D. punctata is known only from Greece (Gasparo in Isaia et al., 2007). The record from Isola di Giannutri (Pavesi, 1876: 438) was based on an immature male.
Dysderidae Dysdera subsquarrosa Simon, 1914 The citation by di Caporiacco (1927: 78) is a misidentification of Harpactea sp. juv., (Gasparo vidit).
Dysderidae Dysdera westringi O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 Probably not valid for Italy. According to Gasparo (2003: 221 nota 3) citations of D. westringi from W-Mediterranean should refer to other species belonging to the lata group.
Dysderidae Harpactea rubicunda (C.L. Koch, 1838) No reliable records of Harpactea rubicunda (C.L. Koch, 1838) are found in Italy (Ballarin et al., 2011: 36).
Dysderidae Harpactea serena (Simon, 1907) The species is known for S-France and Spain (Ballarin et al., 2011: 36). The record by Denis (1963) from Dolomiti bellunesi is doubtful.
Eresidae Eresus kollari frontalis Latreille, 1819 Doubtful record for Sicily (Canestrini & Pavesi, 1870: sub Eresus imperialis; Minà-Palumbo, 1887: sub Eresus frontalis).
Eresidae Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) Doubtful records for Italy (Trentino Alto Adige, Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868, 1870).
Gnaphosidae Drassodex hispanus (L. Koch, 1866) The presence in Italy is doubtful. Data before 2009 not reliable (Hervè et al., 2009).
Gnaphosidae Gnaphosa rufula (L. Koch, 1866) record from Italy (Sicily) (Pavesi, 1878b) is most probably mistaken identifications (Gajdoš et al. 2018: 58).
Gnaphosidae Haplodrassus invalidus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) Citations of H. invalidus in Italy (Di Franco 2001), are considered to be incorrect (Bosmans et al., 2018)
Gnaphosidae Kishidaia conspicua concolor Caporiacco, 1951 The subspecies was established on juveniles.
Gnaphosidae Poecilochroa phyllobia (Thorell, 1871) Species inquirenda: described by Costa O.G. (1864) from Campi Flegrei (Napoli) on one specimen (unspecified sex). Type material not traceable. See also Thorell (1871: 200).
Gnaphosidae Pterotricha sinoniae Caporiacco, 1953 Species inquirenda: described on one subadult male (di Caporiacco & Denis, 1953), from the island of Ponza (Lazio).
Gnaphosidae Setaphis simplex (Simon, 1885) North African species erroneously recorded by Trotta (2005) (Trotta 2013 pers. comm.).
Gnaphosidae Zelotes bimaculatus (C.L. Koch, 1837) Species inquirenda: the type material is not available. Koch (1873) describes it as an entirely blackish species with two medio-dorsal whitish spots on the abdomen, and with the tibiae, metatarsi and tarsi yellowish brown. This description fits completely
Gnaphosidae Zelotes cyanescens Simon, 1914 Pyrenean species. Citations from Italy are probable misidentifications.
Gnaphosidae Zelotes hirtus (Thorell, 1875) Species inquirenda: described on one male from Liguria. Simon (1878) described the female from Nice. No more data available on this species.
Gnaphosidae Zelotes insulanus Dalmas, 1922 Species inquirenda: according to Platnick (if valid and actually congeneric with above listing, a replacement name will be required, but this species may well belong to Trachyzelotes).
Gnaphosidae Zelotes manius (Simon, 1878) The only record from Italy (the lagoon of Venezia by di Caporiacco, 1934a ) is a misidentification of Zelotes longipes (Hansen com pers. 2014). Species from high altitude recorded in France, Spain and Portugal (Senglet 2004: 112).
Gnaphosidae Zelotes mundus (Kulczynski, 1897) Doubtful record reported from Val d'Aosta (Rossi & Bosio 2012) on the base of live specimen. In-field identification for the genus Zelotes is doubtful and given that no specimen is stored in any collection, the record can not be verified.
Gnaphosidae Zelotes pluridentatus Marinaro, 1967 Di Franco (1993) reports this species in the list of Gnaphosid of Sicilia probably on the base of unpublished material.
Leptonetidae Leptoneta crypticola crypticola Simon, 1907 The populations of Leptoneta crypticola from Alpi Cozie, Liguri and Marittime are referred to the subspecies L. c. franciscoloi (Isaia et al., 2011).
Linyphiidae Centromerus prudens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873) The record from Toscana (di Caporiacco, 1936) is a misidentification of Dicymbium nigrum (van Helsdingen, 1982: 173).
Linyphiidae Centromerus tridentinus Caporiacco, 1952 Species inquirenda: Cave Busa dei Teeri 138 VT (M. Stiva) 1 ? . Fig. 2 and 4 of the original description let suppose the belonging to another genus. Brignoli (1972) doubts about the validity of the species. Unknown deposit.
Linyphiidae Centrophantes crosbyi (Fage & Kratochvíl, 1933) According to Fage & Kratochvil (1933) this species was new to Trieste Province. Nowadays the type locality (Luegg cave = Predjamski sistem, S. 734) is in Slovenian territory.
Linyphiidae Ceratinella apollonii Caporiacco, 1938 Species inquirenda: described on one male from M.te Arvenis (Eastern Alps.); unknown deposit. Ijland et al. (2012: 18) report one female from Puglia cf. Ceratinella apollonii.
Linyphiidae Erigone arctica (White, 1852) Alto Adige (Tampucci et al., 2017). Misidentification of Erigone remota (Tanasevitch 2017 pers. comm.).
Linyphiidae Erigone nigrimana Thorell, 1875 Species inquirenda: described on material from Canestrini with the general indication "Italia septentr." and never recorded again.
Linyphiidae Erigone spadix Thorell, 1875 Species inquirenda: described on material from Canestrini with the general indication "Italia septentr." and never recorded again.
Linyphiidae Linyphia maura Thorell, 1875 The records of L. triangularis maura from Italy by di Caporiacco (1950, 1953) are erroneus. All specimens mentioneted have been re-examined and found to belong to L. triangularis (van Helsdingen 1969: 43).
Linyphiidae Linyphia polita Blackwall, 1870 Species inquirenda: described from Blackwall (Sicily) and never recorded again.
Linyphiidae Mansuphantes gladiola (Simon, 1884) Known from France and Corse, the record from Italy (Sappada, di Caporiacco 1927: 95) is doubtful and needs confirmation.
Linyphiidae Mansuphantes simoni (Kulczynski, 1894) Italian citations are from di Caporiacco (Friuli, Emilia-Romagna, Toscana), according to Thaler (1994) these citations are outside the known range. See also van Helsdingen (1982: 164, 168).
Linyphiidae Microctenonyx apuliae (Caporiacco, 1951) Species inquirenda: described on one female - under stones - from Ostuni (Brindisi). Deposited at Museo di Firenze (according to the original publication) but not mentioned in Berdondini & Whitman (2003).
Linyphiidae Minyriolus phaulobius (Thorell, 1875) Species inquirenda: described on material from Canestrini with the general indication "Italia septentr." and never recorded again.
Linyphiidae Mughiphantes ignavus Simon, 1884 Uniquely cited by Pesarini (1995). Trotta (2005) recall the citation by Pesarini (Trotta 2013 pers comm). Two females are stored in the collection of the Museum of Milano (Ar. 1482) from M. Gridola (BL) identified by Pesarini.
Linyphiidae Oedothorax agrestis longipes (Simon, 1884) Subspecies of doubtful validity. Uniquely reported by Calloni (1890) from the mountain districts of Cervino and Monte Rosa.
Linyphiidae Palliduphantes culicinus (Simon, 1884) Species inquirenda: according to Maurer & Hänggi (1990). Cited by Simon for France and Switzerland. No recent records.
Linyphiidae Palliduphantes dentatidens (Simon, 1929) The citation pertains the French territory, but the presence of this species in Italy seems plausible (Brignoli, 1979: 321, Alpi Marittime).
Linyphiidae Parapelecopsis mediocris (Kulczynski, 1899) Endemic of Madeira, recorded from Brignoli (1975a) from the Island of Giglio on the base of a uncertain source.
Linyphiidae Scotinotylus venetus (Thorell, 1875) Species inquirenda: described on material from Venezia of Canestrini’s Collection (lost material). Never recorded again after the description (Hansen pers. comm.).
Linyphiidae Tenuiphantes monachus (Simon, 1884) The only record from Italy (di Caporiacco, 1927: 96) is doubtful (van Helsdingen, 1982: 163).
Linyphiidae Trichoncus patrizii Caporiacco, 1953 Species inquirenda: known on one only female from the island of Zannone, unknown deposit; Denis (1965) doubts about the validity of the species.
Linyphiidae Trichoncus varipes Denis, 1965 The only citation for Italy (Venice, 1 female) is a misidentification of T. saxicola (Hansen pers. comm.).
Linyphiidae Troglohyphantes similis Fage, 1919 Specimen of T. fagei or T. sbordonii (Gasparo, 2000: note 2 page 206).
Lycosidae Alopecosa alpicola soriculata (Simon, 1876) Subspecies of doubtful validity.
Lycosidae Alopecosa barbipes (Sundevall, 1833) Cited from Calabria on 3 subadult females by Kritscher (1969).
Lycosidae Alopecosa laciniosa (Simon, 1876) Currently known for France, Conerning possible Italian records see Lugetti & Tongiorgi (1969).
Lycosidae Alopecosa striatipes (C.L. Koch, 1839) A. striatipes is reported by Caporiacco (1940) for the Province of Verona. According to Lugetti & Tongiorgi (1969: 81) this species have not been found in Italy. See also notes in Ballarin et al. (2011: 90).
Lycosidae Arctosa insignita (Thorell, 1872) The citation of di Caporiacco (1927) from Carnia is doubtful .
Lycosidae Arctosa villica (Lucas, 1846) The identification of a single specimen (?) sub Leaena v. villica (di Caporiacco, 1949) di Sagrado, Isonzo needs confirmation (material from Venice Lagoon cited in Di Caporiacco, 1950 is a misidentification of A. fulvolineata and A. leopardus).
Lycosidae Hogna leprieuri (Simon, 1876) The citation of Roewer (1960) from Isola di Lampedusa is doubtful (based on immature females).
Lycosidae Hogna radiata minor (Simon, 1876) Described on juveniles, the validity of the subspecies is doubtful. High variability of the nominal species.
Lycosidae Lycosa tarantula carsica Caporiacco, 1949 Subspecies of doubtful validity.
Lycosidae Pardosa agricola (Thorell, 1856) According to Tongiorgi (1966a: 284, 311) the species is not present in Italy despite the abundant citations in literature.
Lycosidae Pardosa lapponica (Thorell, 1872) Tongiorgi (1966: 294) - The species needs confirmation! Confused with P. cincta?
Lycosidae Pardosa roscai (Roewer, 1951) The only record from Italy (Fedoriak et al., 2016: 87) is extremely doubtful and needs confirmation.
Mimetidae Mimetus monticola (Blackwall, 1870) Treated as a junior S of M. laevigatus by Simon, 1873a: 78 (Platnik 13,5).
Nemesiidae Brachythele icterica (C.L. Koch, 1838) Known for the area between the former Jugoslavia and the hinterland of Greece (van Helsdingen 2012). The Italian record may refer to Brachythele media Kulczynski, 1897, that was described later. The record from Lampedusa (Pesarini, 1995) is a misidentification and refers, instead, to Ischnocolus.
Nemesiidae Nemesia africana (C.L. Koch, 1838) Cited by Garneri (1902) and Pesarini (1994). It is very unlikely that this species really occurs in Sardinia. (Pantini et al., 2013: 11). The species it self is insufficiently described to make a diagnosis without checking type material possible.
Nemesiidae Nemesia caementaria (Latreille, 1799) All citations are probably misidentifications. The species is distributed in NE Sapain (NE Catalonia) and SW France to about the river Rhone (Decae pers. comm. 2012).
Nemesiidae Nemesia simoni O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1874 The species is currently known for SW-France and bordering Spanish areas. The only available record in Italy (di Caporiacco, 1936: 330) is doubtful.
Nesticidae Kryptonesticus fagei (Kratochvíl, 1933) Gasparo & Thaler (2000) report about one only female of Nesticus sp. (aff. fagei?). Probably a female of K. eremita with abnormal vulva (Gasparo pers. comm. 2014).
Oecobiidae Oecobius trimaculatus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 Described from Jordan and reported by Canestrini and Pavesi (1870) from Sicilia.
Oonopidae Oonops pulcher Templeton, 1835 Calabria (Caffi, 1895), Emilia Romagna (Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868; 1870), Liguria (Bertkau, 1890). For more than 50 years was the only species belonging to this genus. It is plausible that some of the specimen were belonging to some undescribed species.
Philodromidae Philodromus bosmansi Muster & Thaler, 2004 Sardinia (Pantini et al., 2013): misidentification of P. praedatus (Muster C. pers. comm. 2013).
Philodromidae Tibellus oblongus maculatus Caporiacco, 1950 Subspecies of doubtful validity: see notes in Ballarin et al., 2011.
Pholcidae Holocnemus caudatus (Dufour, 1820) Spanish species, reported by Simon (1873) from Sicily but not confirmed (see note in Brignoli, 1971c: 84).
Phrurolithidae Phrurolithus pullatus Kulczynski, 1897 Cited by Pesarini (1995). The specimens identified as P. pullatus by Pesarini stored in the collection of the Museum of Milano (Ar. 3092, 4666) are misidentification of P. festivus. Idem for the citation from Lazio (Lacasella et al. 2014) (Isaia vidit).
Salticidae Dendryphantes fulviventris (Lucas, 1846) See Hansen (1986: 289 nota 1°).
Salticidae Dendryphantes hastatus (Clerck, 1757) This species is currently not known for Italy and the records are most likely a misidentification (Ballarin et al., 2011).
Salticidae Euophrys acripes (Simon, 1871) Recorded from Carnia (di Caporiacco, 1927) the records are misidentification of Pseudeuophrys erratica (Hansen vidit).
Salticidae Euophrys testaceozonata Caporiacco, 1922 Species inquirenda: the only specimen of this species is a sintype immature (Berdondini & Whitman, 2003: 149).
Salticidae Heliophanus cupreus globifer (Simon, 1868) Following Wesolowska (1986) and Proszynski (2003) = cupreus (Hansen pers. comm.).
Salticidae Marpissa longiuscola (Simon, 1871) see note about Marpissa nyvoi in Hansen (1986: 108).
Salticidae Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour, 1831) Canestrini & Pavesi (1868 sub Euophrys bivittatus) report M.bivittatus for Veneto. Despite the the opinion of Monterosso (1958: 345) there are no data confirming the presence of this species in Italy (Ballarin et al., 2011: 111).
Salticidae Menemerus falsificus Simon, 1868 Material identified as falsificus - ColI. Canestrini (vidi) and Caporiacco (1950) (vidi) - for Italy = M. taeniatus (Hansen com. pers.). According to Metzner ( synonym of M. taeniatus.
Salticidae Saitis imitatus (Simon, 1868) Reported by Trotta (2005) (Trotta pers. comm. 2013). Simon (1871) report “Elle habite la Dalmatie et le nord de l'Italie. MM. Canestrini et Pavesi m'en ont communiqué plusieurs exemplaires” but never recorded after.
Salticidae Salticus scitulus (Simon, 1868) Doubtful species, see note in Simon, 1937:1203). Not mentioned in Alicata & Cantarella (2000) (Hansen pers. comm.).
Salticidae Sitticus rivalis Simon, 1937 Concerning the unique citation of this species (1 female from Umbria, di Caporiacco 1950) Proszynski (1980: 37) refers that "the tube contain a single ? of different genus".
Segestriidae Ariadna insidiatrix Audouin, 1826 For Wunderlich (2011) A. insidiatrix is a species limitated to North Africa.
Segestriidae Segestria fusca Simon, 1882 According to Brignoli (1976: 46) the record by Denis (1963) of Segestria fusca Simon 1882 based on juveniles is doubtful (Ballarin et al., 2011: 112).
Sparassidae Eusparassus dufouri Simon, 1932 Cited only from Romagna (Zangheri, 1966). Specimens in the Zangheri collection are juveniles probably of Olios argelasius (Trotta 2013 com. pers.).
Sparassidae Eusparassus walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) The presence in Italy of this species is doubtful, see Moradmand & Jager, 2012.
Tetragnathidae Tetragnatha chrysochlora (Audouin, 1826) Species know only from Egypt. The records from Carnia (di Caporiacco, 1922: 84) are probably misidentifications .
Tetragnathidae Tetragnatha zangherii (Caporiacco, 1926) Species inquirenda (Wunderlich, 2011: 210).
Theraphosidae Ischnocolus tunetanus Pavesi, 1880 Nomen dubium (WSC 19.0).
Theridiidae Asagena meridionalis Kulczynski, 1894 Lazio (Lacasella et al. 2014): misidentification of A. italica (Isaia M. pers. comm. 2014).
Theridiidae Theridion histrionicum Thorell, 1875 Species inquirenda: described on one female from Trentino, no recent records.
Theridiidae Theridion laevigatum Blackwall, 1870 Species inquirenda: described on one ? from the Province of Lucca (Toscana) and never recorded again.
Theridiidae Theridion lapidicola Kulczynski, 1887 Species inquirenda: described on two females from Alto Adige (Eggental), no recent records.
Theridiidae Theridion parvulum Blackwall, 1870 Species inquirenda.
Theridiidae Theridion prominens Blackwall, 1870 Species inquirenda.
Thomisidae Ozyptila elegans (Blackwall, 1870) Species inquirenda: described on one male from the Province of Lucca (Toscana) and never recorded again.
Thomisidae Pistius undulatus Karsch, 1879 The only record for the Italian peninsula (Toscana, Wunderlich 1995) is doubtful in view of the genital varibility of P. truncatus (Buchar & Thaler, 1995).
Thomisidae Thomisus modestus Blackwall, 1870 Species inquirenda: described on material from Lucca (?), and never recorded again. Probable synonym of Runcinia grammica (= Thomisus amoenus Blackw.). Possibly the specimens described above may ultimately prove to be the male of Thomisus amoenus.
Thomisidae Xysticus diversus (Blackwall, 1870) Species inquirenda: described on material from Sicily (?), and never recorded again.
Thomisidae Xysticus doriai (Dalmas, 1922) Species inquirenda: described sub Psammitis from the island of Giglio, never recorded again.
Thomisidae Xysticus gortanii Caporiacco, 1922 Species inquirenda: described from ? from Friuli - Venezia Giulia (type material stored in Firenze - Berdondini & Whitman, 2003) and never recorded again.
Uloboridae Uloborus gilvus (Blackwall, 1870) Species inquirenda.
Zodariidae Zodarion nitidum (Audouin, 1826) Known from Northern Africa and Midwest. Recorded from Blackwall in Toscana (1870: 422, sub Clotho longipes Walck.). Not considered by Bosmans (1997) in his revision on the European Zodarion.